Holy rows: why disputes between Church and Government will increase

Church and StateThis weekend saw another avalanche of media coverage about a row between the Church and the government. This time it relates to the refugee crisis. The Bishops have accused the government of dragging its feet and not responding adequately to their offers to help mobilise the churches.

Stephen Cotterill, Bishop of Chelmsford, said:

“The mean-spirited response of the government goes against the spirit of our nation…This is a matter of real urgency. Winter is coming. It seems crazy that the government is not listening.”  

Despite widespread assumptions of its decline, the Church continues to stand up against the government more effectively than any other institution. And we should expect to see more and more disputes between Church and State in the coming years. This is for two main reasons, one political and the other theological:

1) Further public funding cuts and deepening austerity

Virtually everyone agrees that the cuts have only just begun. On top of what has already been slashed, this summer George Osborne instructed all government departments to plan for cuts of between 25-40% over the next 5 years.  Many are predicting that in in the near future, local authorities will be running virtually nothing apart from the most basic elements of adult social care and child protection.

As the state rolls itself back, to cover deficits and promote the ideology of small government, more and more people and communities will be left exposed.  Two of the most obvious indicators, food poverty and homelessness, will increase. As as there’ll be less resources to tackle it, voluntary-run food banks and night shelters will be busier than ever.

An example is the Day Centre for homeless people run by West London Mission (where I work). Every day we see more and more street homeless people (today it was 114) but, mainly due to cuts, we now receive no government funding.  We have to organise events like the sponsored Sleep Out that my wife and daughter did this week,to make up the shortfall.

2) The growth of Christian concerns for social justice

In the last 20 years, there has been a marked increase in the amount of social action run by churches.  It has been the vibrant faith of churches has provided the capacity to grow the network of food banks, night shelters, Street Pastors and Christians Against Poverty’s Debt Centres.

One element in this growth has been the shift in the social awareness of evangelical churches. Significantly, this is the part of the church which is growing.  The surge of activism has been backed up by a wide range of books, courses, initiatives and events which have embedded a biblical theology of social justice. Increasingly, the traditionally personal emphasis of evangelical theology is being fused with a deep commitment to social justice. And this has affected political views.

Before the election last year, a major survey of UK evangelical Christians, showed how different their political views were from the US stereotypes.  It found that the Labour was the party most UK evangelicals would vote for.  And what did they feel was the single most important issue facing the UK? Poverty and inequality.

These views show how the Church is reflecting theologically and politically on its social action. The Church cannot be dismissed as some liberal-leaning think tank. Rather, it is a vast network of people who know what is happening in their communities and feel deeply concerned about what they are seeing.

Beyond ambulance work

Running food banks, drop in centres and night shelters is all about meeting emergency needs.  It is ambulance work. In the past, this kind of charitable work has been applauded by Conservative governments. After all, it doesn’t use government money and represents ‘the Big Society’ in action.

What rattles their cages is when people question why people are poor in the first place.  The words of Brazilian Archbishop, Dom Helder Camara, are still relevant:

‘When I give bread to the poor, they call me a saint. When I ask, ‘Why are poor hungry?’ they call me a communist.’

It seems that the government wants Christians to be busy pulling drowning people out of the river. What it doesn’t like is when people start questioning who is pushing them in.

The Church already does a huge amount to help those in crisis. And this is why it has a right and a responsibility to speak out about political and economic decisions which make the situation worse.

3 thoughts on “Holy rows: why disputes between Church and Government will increase”

  1. Thank you Jon for another interesting article. There is another question to be answered though: Is the Government doing what the churches should have been doing all the way along? I am thinking of the many Church-initiated projects (e.g. hospitals, probation), and wonder whether our witness and impact has been diluted because we have handed them over to the government. Surely, as churches, we have a better idea of what is going on at grass roots level than any bureaucratic organisation. Please feel free to disagree!


    1. Thanks Andrew for reading and for the comment. I think that it is good that the church has started so many things which have then been taken on by the state. The church has been the pioneers and has shown the essential worth of these activities which has in turn influenced the nation. Food banks etc show that the church will continually step in to meet needs – but i think we should always keep an eye on the wider politics – because we don’t just want compassion, we want a more just society. This for me is where the vision of the kingdom of God comes in – it is not just a church-reality but one which influences society like salt and light.


  2. It occurred to me a few months ago that the church will be running hospitals again before long (and – maddeningly! – our present rulers in their older age will be saying how wise they were to have set up the contractual framework through which it will be done!).


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s